Pedestrian Street exists in every big first-line and second-line city. The same pedestrian street road design and site landscape are divided into important parts of commercial street landscape design, including the design of road, road edge, drainage, blind road and other plane objects. Formation of these pavement and design forms include material specifications, texture, process methods, forms and so on. Only by meeting these requirements can we form a good visual form of the ground, comfortable walking feeling and safe walking guarantee. What details should we pay attention to when we design the pedestrian street?
Planar landscape design can not only solve the aesthetic problems of landscape environment, but also solve the related problems of pedestrian behavior and traffic relationship. General pedestrian street in the graphic design should pay attention to the following aspects.
- Vertical relationship between road and site
In the design of commercial street, the surface pavement should consider material specifications, surface texture, skid resistance and durability, understand the water situation, consider permeable materials, corrosion and other factors, and consider the vertical relationship of blocks. Resistance, paving, drainage or drainage should be set up, and anti-slide measures should be taken in areas with large slopes to avoid road and groundwater, travel obstacles for tourists and pedestrian safety.
- Paving Modulus and Surface Treatment
Pavement modulus refers to the texture, color and pattern of the ground composed of the same or different specifications of materials. In the ground pavement, the visual effect of the ground is often pursued, and the problems in the use process are ignored. Uneven masonry pavement, excessive seam retention, and smooth surface of the materials used are prone to problems. On the ground surface, the difference between bricks and stones should not exceed 3 mm (Jean-Christophe and Arnaud, 2007). When laying marble or granite slab, surface treatment should adopt burning, scouring, grooving and other methods to avoid the adverse consequences of foot sliding.
Image 1: Landscape on pedestrian street. Source: author’s own, 2019.
- Ground Guidance Tips and Barrier-free Design
The mosaic of ground pavement not only has beautifying effect, but also has certain guiding and directing function. It can guide the direction of the block scope and key areas for people in progress, and use color contrast to give visual hints on the steps of different elevation and difference areas, so as to make the pedestrian block safer. In addition, there is a certain proportion of people with disabilities who enter commercial pedestrian blocks. They need more social care (Naderi, 2003). Therefore, street floor design should prepare special roads and guidance tips for the disabled. For those with elevation difference, there should be access for the disabled beside the terrace, and the blind path should be set up with clear guidance tips. Landscape decoration should be avoided to avoid obstacles.
Image 2: Landscape on pedestrian street of residential area. Source: author’s own, 2019.
- Form and color of ground pavement
The form and color of the ground pavement is an important part of the landscape design of commercial pedestrian blocks, and it is the most visible and most used landscape element. In the design of the ground pavement, we need to think comprehensively from the overall form of the block, the direction of the road, the occupancy position and form of various landscape objects, etc., to form a systematic ground suitable for the visual and functional requirements of the pedestrian blocks. Pavement design. Pavement forms are generally somewhat, strip-like, pattern-like and concrete. The color performance of pavement includes monochrome pavement, poly-chromatic scattered pavement, poly-chromatic pattern pavement, poly-chromatic sheet expansion, etc. Whether in form or color application, it should be combined with the overall style of the block, the static and dynamic landscape animal-image relationship, and the vertical relationship to form a unified visual manifestation.
In conclusion, above is about the commercial pedestrian street landscape design needs to pay attention to a problem, I hope that you will think in many ways in the design.
Jean-Christophe, F. & Arnaud, P. (2007) Urban layout, landscape features and pedestrian usage, Landscape and Urban Planning, 81 (3), pp: 225-234.
Naderi, J. R. (2003) Landscape Design in Clear Zone: Effect of Landscape Variables on Pedestrian Health and Driver Safety. Transportation Research Record, 1851(1), pp: 119–130.